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  • 
      The Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container

    玩十三水的软件:Apache Tomcat 7

    Version 7.0.52, Feb 13 2014
    Apache Logo

    闲来疯狂十三水 www.aipom.tw Links

    User Guide

    Reference

    Apache Tomcat Development

    Tomcat Setup

    Table of Contents
    Introduction

    There are several ways to set up Tomcat for running on different platforms. The main documentation for this is a file called RUNNING.txt. We encourage you to refer to that file if the information below does not answer some of your questions.

    Windows

    Installing Tomcat on Windows can be done easily using the Windows installer. Its interface and functionality is similar to other wizard based installers, with only a few items of interest.

    • Installation as a service: Tomcat will be installed as a Windows service no matter what setting is selected. Using the checkbox on the component page sets the service as "auto" startup, so that Tomcat is automatically started when Windows starts. For optimal security, the service should be run as a separate user, with reduced permissions (see the Windows Services administration tool and its documentation).
    • Java location: The installer will provide a default JRE to use to run the service. The installer uses the registry to determine the base path of a Java 6 or later JRE, including the JRE installed as part of the full JDK. When running on a 64-bit operating system, the installer will first look for a 64-bit JRE and only look for a 32-bit JRE if a 64-bit JRE is not found. It is not mandatory to use the default JRE detected by the installer. Any installed Java 6 or later JRE (32-bit or 64-bit) may be used.
    • Tray icon: When Tomcat is run as a service, there will not be any tray icon present when Tomcat is running. Note that when choosing to run Tomcat at the end of installation, the tray icon will be used even if Tomcat was installed as a service.
    • Refer to the Windows Service HOW-TO for information on how to manage Tomcat as a Windows service.

    The installer will create shortcuts allowing starting and configuring Tomcat. It is important to note that the Tomcat administration web application can only be used when Tomcat is running.

    Unix daemon

    Tomcat can be run as a daemon using the jsvc tool from the commons-daemon project. Source tarballs for jsvc are included with the Tomcat binaries, and need to be compiled. Building jsvc requires a C ANSI compiler (such as GCC), GNU Autoconf, and a JDK.

    Before running the script, the JAVA_HOME environment variable should be set to the base path of the JDK. Alternately, when calling the ./configure script, the path of the JDK may be specified using the --with-java parameter, such as ./configure --with-java=/usr/java.

    Using the following commands should result in a compiled jsvc binary, located in the $CATALINA_HOME/bin folder. This assumes that GNU TAR is used, and that CATALINA_HOME is an environment variable pointing to the base path of the Tomcat installation.

    Please note that you should use the GNU make (gmake) instead of the native BSD make on FreeBSD systems.

        cd $CATALINA_HOME/bin
        tar xvfz commons-daemon-native.tar.gz
        cd commons-daemon-1.0.x-native-src/unix
        ./configure
        make
        cp jsvc ../..
        cd ../..
    

    Tomcat can then be run as a daemon using the following commands.

        CATALINA_BASE=$CATALINA_HOME
        cd $CATALINA_HOME
        ./bin/jsvc \
            -classpath $CATALINA_HOME/bin/bootstrap.jar:$CATALINA_HOME/bin/tomcat-juli.jar \
            -outfile $CATALINA_BASE/logs/catalina.out \
            -errfile $CATALINA_BASE/logs/catalina.err \
            -Dcatalina.home=$CATALINA_HOME \
            -Dcatalina.base=$CATALINA_BASE \
            -Djava.util.logging.manager=org.apache.juli.ClassLoaderLogManager \
            -Djava.util.logging.config.file=$CATALINA_BASE/conf/logging.properties \
            org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap
    

    You may also need to specify -jvm server if the JVM defaults to using a server VM rather than a client VM. This has been observed on OSX.

    jsvc has other useful parameters, such as -user which causes it to switch to another user after the daemon initialization is complete. This allows, for example, running Tomcat as a non privileged user while still being able to use privileged ports. Note that if you use this option and start Tomcat as root, you'll need to disable the org.apache.catalina.security.SecurityListener check that prevents Tomcat starting when running as root.

    jsvc --help will return the full jsvc usage information. In particular, the -debug option is useful to debug issues running jsvc.

    The file $CATALINA_HOME/bin/daemon.sh can be used as a template for starting Tomcat automatically at boot time from /etc/init.d with jsvc.

    Note that the Commons-Daemon JAR file must be on your runtime classpath to run Tomcat in this manner. The Commons-Daemon JAR file is in the Class-Path entry of the bootstrap.jar manifest, but if you get a ClassNotFoundException or a NoClassDefFoundError for a Commons-Daemon class, add the Commons-Daemon JAR to the -cp argument when launching jsvc.

    Comments

    Notice: This comments section collects your suggestions on improving documentation for Apache Tomcat.

    If you have trouble and need help, read Find Help page and ask your question on the tomcat-users 闲来疯狂十三水. Do not ask such questions here. This is not a Q&A section.

    The Apache Comments System is explained here. Comments may be removed by our moderators if they are either implemented or considered invalid/off-topic.


    Copyright © 1999-2014, Apache Software Foundation
  • “数码农场”的水稻有何特殊?基因信息可变数据库 2019-12-11
  • 【学习时刻·经济实说①】清华大学国情研究院胡鞍钢:伟大的发展实践产生伟大的思想 2019-12-11
  • “调整断面”治污,如此欺下瞒上必须严查 2019-12-10
  • 全国已有26省区市1192县遭受洪害 186人因灾死亡 2019-12-10
  • 2000万元福彩公益金助贫困考生圆大学梦 2019-12-06
  • 【奋斗者说】“闯先生”汤明磊:垂直孵化深耕家庭经济 助创业者远行 2019-12-05
  • 《人民日报》创刊70周年 各界人士送祝福 2019-11-26
  • 40名电信诈骗嫌犯被押解回国 涉案金额400余万元 2019-11-25
  • 孙岩的专栏作者中国国家地理网 2019-11-25
  • 两队防守均是薄弱环节 进攻快VS球风猛谁占优? 2019-11-20
  • 国家主席习近平发表二〇一七年新年贺词 2019-11-19
  • 楼市下半年或持续降温 房地产长效机制加速推进 2019-11-16
  • 以共享经济推进公共服务均等化 2019-11-14
  • 中国保险监督管理委员会原主席项俊波受贿案一审开庭 2019-11-14
  • 用奋斗书写浓墨重彩的人生 2019-11-05
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